Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- There is also the Tuskegee Airmen, a corps of African-American military pilots trained there during World War II
Tuskegee University is an American institution of higher learning located in Tuskegee, Alabama. The school opened on July 4, 1881 under the leadership of Booker T. Washington as a school for the training of teachers.
The campus is still centered on the grounds of a plantation which Dr. Washington bought in 1882. The buildings were constructed by students, many of whom earned all or part of their expenses. The school was a living example of Dr. Washington's dedication to the pursuit of self-reliance. One of his great concerns was to teach African-American former slaves the practical skills needed to succeed at farming or other trades. One of its most noteworthy professors was Dr. George Washington Carver, who was recruited to teach there by Dr. Washington.
Washington had his students do not only agricultural and domestic work, but also erect buildings. This was done in order to teach his students to see labor not only as practical, but also as beautiful and dignified.
In 1941, in an effort to train black aviators, a training squadron was established at Tuskegee Institute. These aviators became known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
The storied Tuskegee baseball program has won thirteen SIAC (*) championships and has produced several professional players, including big-leaguers Leon Wagner, Ken Howell , Alan Mills and Roy Lee Jackson .
The Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site is located on the campus, and includes the George Washington Carver Museum .
(*) Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference
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