Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The cyclone formed in the northwestern pacific on October 5, 1979 as tropical depression 23. It strengthened to Tropical Storm Tip on the 6th, and Typhoon Tip on the 9th. After moving into a very favorable environment for development, Typhoon Tip quickly strengthened into Super Typhoon Tip on the 11th, its pressure dropping 98 millibars, from 996 to 898. It was during this time that Tip's circulation reached a record 1,350 miles (2,170 km) wide, with tropical storm force winds extending 675 miles (1,085 km) from the center. (To put it another way, if a similar-sized hurricane hit south Florida directly, tropical storm force winds would be felt as far north as Charlotte, North Carolina and as far south as Merida, Mexico and Kingston, Jamaica) On the 12th, Super Typhoon Tip continued to intensify, with winds at 190 miles per hour and central pressure at 870 millibars, the lowest barometric pressure ever recorded from a tropical cyclone.
After reaching its peak on the 12th, Tip slowly weakened as it headed toward Japan. It made landfall on Honshu on October 19 as a minimal typhoon. Tip caused the agricultural and fishing industries of Japan to sustain damage in the millions of dollars. There were 68 deaths from Tip, including many due to floods that breached a fuel retaining wall in Camp Fuji.
- Murray, T.R. & Morford, D.R. (1980). 1979 Annual Typhoon Report (.pdf file)
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