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In mathematics, the unitary group of degree n over the field F (which is either the field of real numbers or the field of complex numbers) is the group of n by n unitary matrices with entries from F, with the group operation that of matrix multiplication. This is a subgroup of the general linear group GL(n,F).
In the simple case n = 1, the group U(1) is the unit circle in the complex plane, under multiplication. All the complex unitary groups contain copies of this group.
If the field F is the field of real numbers then the unitary group coincides with the orthogonal group . If F is the field of complex numbers one usually writes U(n) for the unitary group of degree n.
See also: Special unitary group
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