Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
U.S. 106th Infantry Division
World War II
- Activated: 15 March 1943.
- Overseas: 10 November 1944.
- Campaigns: Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace.
- Days of combat: 63.
- Distinguished Unit Citations: 1.
- Awards: DSC-6; DSM-1; SS-77; LM-9; SM-26; BSM-352; AM-10.
- Commanders: Maj. Gen. Alan W. Jones (15 March 1943-22 December 1944), Brig. Gen. Herbert T. Perrin (22 December 1944-8 February 1945), Maj. GenDonald A. Stroh (February 1945-August 1945), Brig. Gen. Francis A. Woolfley (August 1945 to inactivation).
- Returned to U.S.: 1 October 1945.
- Inactivated: 2 October 1945.
The 106th Infantry Division arrived in the United Kingdom, 17 November 1944, and trained briefly, then moved to France, 6 December. It relieved the US 2nd Infantry Division in the Schnee Eifel on the 11th.
The German Ardennes Offensive was thrown in force at the 106th on 16 December. The 422d and 423d Infantry Regiments were encircled and cut off from the remainder of the Division by a junction of enemy forces in the vicinity of Schonberg. They regrouped for a counterattack but were blocked by the enemy and lost to the Division, 18 December. The rest of the Division withdrew from St. Vith on the 21st under constant enemy fire and pulled back over the Saint River at Vielsalm, 23 December. On the 24th, the 424th Regiment attached to the US 7th Armored Division fought a delaying action at Manhay until ordered to an assembly area.
From 25 December 1944 to 9 January 1945, the Division received reinforcements and supplies at Anthisnes, Belgium, and returned to the struggle, securing objectives along the Ennal-Logbierme line on the 15th after heavy fighting. After being pinched out by advancing divisions, the 106th assembled at Stavelot on the 18th for rehabilitation and training. It moved to the vicinity of Hunningen , 7 February, for defensive patrols and training.
In March, the 424th advanced along the high ground between Berk and the Simmer river and was again pinched out at Olds on the 7th. A period of training and patrolling followed until 15 March when the Division moved to St. Quentin for rehabilitation and the reconstruction of lost units. For the remainder of its stay in Europe, the 106th handled prisoners of war enclosures and engaged in occupational duties.
Assignments in the ETO
- 29 November 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
- 20 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army (attached to the British 21st Army Group), 12th Army Group.
- 18 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
- 6 February 1945: V Corps.
- 10 March 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group.
- 15 April 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the Advanced Section, Communications Zone.
- Nickname: Golden Lion Division.
- Shoulder patch: A golden lion's face on a blue circular background encircled by white and then red borders respectively.
- The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S.
Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm.
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