Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
U.S. Army Rangers
75th Ranger Regiment
Task Force Ranger
U.S. Army Rangers
Each battalion can deploy anywhere in the world with 18 hours notice.
Conducting conventional or special light-infantry operations, conducting direct action operations, conducting raids, infiltrating and exfiltrating by sea, air or land, recovery of personnel and special equipment.
Rangers Lead The Way! (RLTW)
Sua Sponte ("Of their own accord")
June 19, 1942
America's entry to WWII.
The 75th Ranger Regiment —also known as the United States Army Rangers— is a Special Operations Force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. The Regiment is a flexible, highly trained and rapidly deployable light infantry force with specialized skills that enables it to be employed against a variety of conventional and special operations targets.
The force specializes in Airborne, light-infantry and direct action operations, conducting raids, infiltration and exfiltration by air, land or sea, airfield seizure, recovery of personnel and special equipment, and support of general purpose forces (GPF) among others. Each Ranger Battalion can deploy anywhere in the world with 18 hours notice.
The term ‘Ranger’ first appeared in 1670 in Church's Rangers, though the World War II reference was taken from Roger's Rangers of 1756, whose Standing Orders are still quoted today. In May 1942 during World War II, the 1st Ranger Battalion was sanctioned and recruited from forces in Northern Ireland and trained in Scotland by the British Commandos. Together with the ensuing 3rd , and 4th Ranger Battalions they served in North Africa and Italy under William O. Darby until the Battle of Cisterna (January 29, 1944) when all but a handful of the 1st and 3rd were wiped out or captured.
Prior to the 5th Ranger Battalion landing on Dog White Sector, Omaha Beach in WWII, three Companies of the 2nd Ranger Batt. scaled the 150 foot cliffs of Pointe du Hoc, a few miles to the west, to destroy a battery of five 155mm guns. Under constant fire during the climb, they found only a small company of Germans on the cliffs and the artillery withdrawn some 500 metres. The guns were later found and destroyed, and the Rangers cut and held the main road for two days before being relieved.
Becoming a Ranger
To become a member of the 75th Ranger Regiment, prospective Rangers must begin with the nine weeks of Basic Combat Training (BCT). Upon completion of Basic Training the soldier will then attend Advanced Individual Training (AIT) to obtain a Military Occupational Specialty (MOS). This training varies in length, depending on the selected MOS. Next, the soldier must complete Airborne training. Upon graduation, the soldier will be assigned to the 75th Ranger Regiment to attend the Ranger Indoctrination Program (RIP).
If the soldier passes each of the required training schools and RIP, he will receive an assignment to either the 75th Ranger Regiment Headquarters or one of the three Ranger Battalions. 
Further career development requires all members of the Ranger Regiment to attend and pass Ranger School and earn their Ranger Tab before assuming any leadership position within the regiment. The unofficial motto of Ranger students from the regiment is "With the tab, or on a slab" — that they will return to the regiment either with their Ranger Tab or dead. This may be a variation of the Spartan mothers' directive to their soldier sons, to return "With your shield, or on it."
Motto: Rangers Lead the Way!
On D-Day, Dog White sector of Omaha Beach, General Cota (assistant CO of the 29th ID ) while under heavy machine gun fire, calmly walked towards Maj. Max Schneider , CO of the 5th Ranger Battalion and asked “What outfit is this?”, someone yelled "5th Rangers!". To this, General Cota replied “Well, goddamn it then, Rangers, lead the way!”. It was at this time and place the Ranger motto ("Rangers lead the way!") was born.
Main article: Ranger Creed.
- Operation Eagle Claw - Iran, 1980
- Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada, 1983
- Operation Just Cause - Panama, 1989
- Operation Desert Shield - Iraq, 1990
- Operation Desert Storm - Iraq, 1991
- Operation Restore Hope - Somalia, 1993
- Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan, 2001
- Operation Iraqi Freedom - Iraq, 2003
- Battle of Mogadishu (during Operation Restore Hope)
- Black Hawk Down (movie & book)
- U.S. special forces
- Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War. Berkeley, California: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999.
- Bahmanyar, Mir. US Army Ranger 1983-2002 . Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2002.
- Bahmanyar, Mir. Darby's Ranger 1942-45 . Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2002.
- GoArmy.com Ranger Website
- Ranger Training Brigade
- US Army Rangers History
- Ranger Tab Information
- Ranger Handbook
Former Rangers websites
- SpecialOperations.com US Army Rangers Information Page
- Former US Army Ranger's Web Page and Forum
- SuaSponte.com Most complete Ranger History
- US Army. GoArmy.com Ranger Recruitment: Entrance Information for Rangers. United States Army. United States of America.
- USASOC (2003). 75th Ranger Regiment: Fact Sheet. US Special Operations Command. United States of America.
- US Army Rangers. Rangers on night recon (photo). Fort Benning, Georgia (USA): 75th Ranger Regiment.
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