Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The ulnar nerve comes from the medial cord of the brachial plexus, and runs posterior to the humerus down the arm, going behind the medial epicondyle at the elbow. This part of the ulnar nerve is known as the funny bone for two reasons: because of its proximity to the humerus (and the similar word "humorous".) and because of the mild pain and tingling throughout the forearm associated with sudden compression of the nerve at this point.
It enters the anterior (front) side of the forearm, and runs alongside the ulna. It supplies one and a half muscles in the forearm: flexor carpi ulnaris (which flexes and adducts the wrist), and the medial two digits of flexor digitorum profundis (a muscle that flexes the fingers).
After its journey down the ulna, the ulnar nerve enters the palm of the hand (passing above the flexor retinaculum ), to supply most of the muscles there. It does not supply the thenar muscles and the lateral two lumbrical muscles.
Sensory information from the lateral one and a half fingers, (the little finger and half of the ring finger,) and the body of the hand below these fingers, on both the palmar and dorsal surfaces of the hand, is sent back to the brain via the ulnar nerve.
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