Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Unity List (Enhedslisten or Ø), also called the Danish Red-Green Alliance, is a political party in Denmark. The party was formed in 1989 by three left-wing parties (Left Socialist Party (VS), The Communist Party of Denmark (DKP), and The Socialist Workers Party (SAP)). All these three parties maintain separate structures within Enhedlisten. A fourth party, the Communist Workers Party (KAP), wanted to join but was not allowed to (due to a veto by DKP). Thus KAP was dissolved in 1994, and the members of KAP joined Enhedslisten as individuals.
The party entered Folketinget, the Danish parliament, for the first time in 1994. The party is generally considered the left-most party in parliament. After the 2005 Danish parliamentary elections it occupies 6 out of 179 seats, making it one of the minor political parties. The party has never been part of a Danish government.
The party's objects clause may be summarized as:
- Create a socialist democracy in Denmark and internationally;
- Unite left-wing cooperation and left-wing representation in the Danish Parliament.
Key issues for the party are to:
- Strengthen personal freedom through increased equality and expansion of democracy;
- Work for good job settings, education, social security, and ecological reorganization;
- Create a global, grass-roots aliance against exploitation and suppression of the poor.
A unique organizational feature is that the party has no charmain, but is lead by a executive committee consisting of 21 members. Also: The members of Parliament pay a part of their parliamentary salary to the party, such that their net income is comparable to a skilled worker.
The party coorporates with a number of international organizations, including The European Anticapitalist Left (EACL), The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements (TEAM), and The New European Left Forum (NELF).
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