Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Georgia
Located 60 miles northeast of Atlanta in Athens, Georgia, the University of Georgia was the first state-chartered university in the United States, making it the birthplace of the American system of public higher education. It was incorporated January 27, 1785 by the Georgia General Assembly, which gave its trustees, the Senatus Academicus of the University of Georgia, 40,000 acres (160 km²) for the purposes of founding a “college or seminary of learning.” The university's motto is Et docere et rerum exquirere causas ("To teach and to inquire into the nature of things").
The first meeting of the university's board of trustees installed its first president, Abraham Baldwin, a native of Connecticut and graduate of Yale University. This meeting also identified the 633 acres (2.6 km²) on the banks of the Oconee River on which the university was to be built.
The first classes were held in 1801, in the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences —named in honor of Benjamin Franklin—under the direction of President Josiah Meigs . The university graduated its first class in 1804.
White and male for most of its history, women were first admitted to the university in 1918. In 1961, UGA became racially integrated after notable tension with the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools .
UGA is home to the George Foster Peabody Awards, which are presented annually for excellence in television and radio news, entertainment and children’s programming. It also presents the annual Delta Prize for Global Understanding, which recognizes individuals or groups whose initiatives promote peace and cooperation among cultures and nations.
UGA has had long-running difficulties with its fundraising organization, the University of Georgia Foundation . In 2003, UGA officials neglected to renew the trademark to the name "University of Georgia", and the trademark was acquired by the University of Georgia Foundation. After UGA dissolved its relationship with the foundation on May 25, 2004, the foundation declared its intentions to assume control of commercial use of this name, including all campus logo products and even "education services, namely providing instruction at the college level." The ramifications of this action are unknown, and the ultimate resolution of the situation remains to be seen. However, the most probable outcomes are as follows: (a) either state officials will rule that the UGA name is the intellectual property of the university, or (b) the Foundation might be able to force the university to cease use of the name "University of Georgia."
Though there have been many additions, changes, and augmentations, UGA’s campus maintains its historic character and southern charm. The customary practice is to divide the extensive, 4,308 acre (17 km²) campus into two sections: North Campus  and South Campus .
Early view of North Campus
Modeled on Yale University’s Central/Old Campus , UGA’s North Campus contains the picturesque historic buildings—such as the Chapel , Old College, New College, Demosthenian and the Phi Kappa  Halls, Park Hall , Meigs Hall, and the President’s office —as well as modern additions such as the Lumpkin Law School  and the Main Library . The dominant architectural themes are Federal—the older buildings—and Greco-Roman Classical/Antebellum style. UGA’s North Campus has also been designated an arboreum by the State of Georgia. Perhaps the most notable North Campus fixture, though, is the Arch . Situated where historic downtown Athens, Georgia meets the campus, the inspiration for the Arch is the arch found on the Great Seal of the State of Georgia . Legend has it that if you walk through the arch as an underclassman, you will never graduate from UGA .
Moving from North Campus toward South Campus—the more recently constructed campus where science and mathematics departments are located—one passes the Tate Student Center  and, most notably, the 92,746 seat Sanford Stadium: home of the UGA Bulldog Football Team . The white English Bulldog is UGA’s mascot and is properly known as "Uga" . (UGA's mascot is another Yale influenced aspect of the University.) The Bulldogs play in the Southeastern Conference against teams such as the University of Tennessee, Ole Miss, and Louisiana State University. It also has a historic rivalry with Auburn, referred to as "the Deep South's oldest rivalry." The biggest rivalries, though, are between the Bulldogs and the Atlantic Coast Conference's Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets and, most importantly, its archrival, the Florida Gators .
The UGA-UF game is held annually in late October/early November in Jacksonville, Florida: a supposedly neutral site. Often referred to as "the world's largest outdoor cocktail party," this event is a must-do for many UGA undergrads as well as alumni. The Bulldogs are cheered on in this game—as well as in all the others—by the 90,000+ fans that sell out every home game as well as the UGA Marching Band, affectionately known as “the Red Coat Marching Band.” 
Certainly, football dominates the UGA athletic scene. However, other notable sports teams include the UGA equestrian team , the UGA gymnastic team , the UGA fencing club , and the UGA baseball team  and the UGA basketball teams (men's  and women's ) which play in the UGA Stegeman Coliseum .
- The main campus is comprised of 368 buildings on 614 acres (2.5 km²);
- Total enrollment in fall 2002 was 32,941:
- 24,772 undergraduates
- 7,958 graduates and professionals
- 212 others
- U.S. News & World Report magazine ranked UGA 18th on its 2002 list of the 50 top public universities.
- In recents years, the university's athletic association , which receives no tax dollars, has undertaken $81 million in construction projects, including:
- over $30 million to expand and upgrade Sanford Stadium, adding 10,000 seats and glassed-in suites
- a new $7.66 million tennis complex
- $6.4 million for a new soccer and softball stadium and clubhouse
- $750,000 in renovations to the football team's trophy room
- $700,000 in 2003 for another remodeling of the men's basketball coach's office and locker room
- Since November 2001, the Georgia Legislature has cut $211 million from the university system's budget; the tuition increase for 2003 was 15%.
- Money magazine's "Best College Buys" edition listed UGA as one of nine "unbeatable deals" nationwide. Georgia residents who maintain a 3.0 grade point average can recieve $4,000 annually toward tuition because of the state of Georgia's HOPE Scholars Program. 
- Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue
- Robert Benham , first African-American chief justice of the Georgia Supreme Court
- Quincy Carter,National Football League quarterback
- A.D. “Pete” Correll , chairman and CEO of Georgia-Pacific Corp .
- Georgia Secretary of State Cathy Cox
- Georgia State Supreme Court Chief Justice Norman Fletcher
- Former U.S. Sen. Phil Gramm of Texas
- Colleen Haskell, former reality show contestant and actress
- John Huey , editorial director of Time, Inc.
- Charles Westbrook, former CNN Vice President, now with the American Cancer Society
- Charlayne Hunter-Gault, CNN International bureau chief in Johannesburg, South Africa
- Robert McTeer , president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas (1991–2004)
- Pat Mitchell , president of Public Broadcasting Service
- Hala Moddelmog, president of Church’s Chicken
- Deborah Norville, television journalist
- Deborah Roberts, ABC News producer and correspondent
- Georgia Lt. Gov. Mark Taylor
- U.S. Senator Saxby Chambliss
- Former Georgia Governor and U.S. Senator Zell Miller, who also founded the HOPE Scholarship
- Ralph Reed, pundit and former director of the Christian Coalition
- Bill Goldberg, professional wrestler and actor
- Chip Caray, baseball announcer
- Ernie Johnson, Jr. , sports announcer for Turner Sports
- Glenn Gilberti, professional wrestler
- Lewis Grizzard, well-known comedian and columnist for the Atlanta-Journal Constitution
- Boney, F.N. A Pictorial History of the University of Georgia. Athens, GA: U of Georgia P, 2000.
- Official UGA Web Pages
- Reed, Thomas Walter. History of the University of Georgia. Unpublished Typescript. 19 vols., 4027 pp. Imprint: Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia, ca. 1949. The Hargrett Rare Book & Manuscript Library at the University of Georgia Main Library.
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