Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Iowa
The University of Iowa is a university in Iowa City, Iowa. The university was founded in 1847 as the State University of Iowa, only 59 days after Iowa became a state. In spite of its original name, it is not to be confused with Iowa State University.
In 1855, Iowa became the first public university in the United States to admit men and women on an equal basis. The university offered its first doctoral degree in 1898. It established the first law school west of the Mississippi. The university was also the first to use television in education (1932) and pioneered the field of standardized testing.
Bachelors, master's, and doctoral programs are offered through the Henry B. Tippie College of Business , the College of Dentistry, the College of Engineering, the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, the College of Public Health, the College of Education, the College of Law, the Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, the Graduate College, the College of Nursing, and the College of Pharmacy. It is also the home of the Iowa Writers' Workshop. Another project hosted by the University of Iowa is a virtual reality driving simulator, which they use to test vehicle and roadway technology, and the driver reactions to this technology. The University is currently home to ISCABBS, an aging public bulletin board system that was the largest internet community in the world prior to the commercialization of the world wide web.
The University of Iowa's main campus is located in Iowa City, with the campus bordered by Park Road to the north and Dubuque and Gilbert Streets roughly to the east. U.S. Highway 6 traverses the university campus. The Iowa River flows through the campus. The Oakdale Campus, which is home to the university's research facilities and the driving simulator, is located north of Interstate 80 in adjacent Coralville.
One of the notable buildings that is part of the campus is the Old Capitol Building. This building served as the capitol building for the territory of Iowa when the capital of Iowa was based in Iowa City. Today the building houses the office of the school's President. In 2001 the building was damaged by fire. The capitol dome - which is the most notable feature of the building and part of the school logo - was destroyed in the fire. The school then proceeded to restore the dome so that it appeared exactly as the old dome did, and the restoration was completed by the summer of 2003.
Iowa's football team plays Iowa State University annually for the Cy-Hawk Trophy , a traveling award. It also has a Big Ten rivalry with Minnesota. The two schools' football teams meet yearly to battle for Floyd of Rosedale, a traveling trophy in the shape of a bronzed pig. In 2004, Iowa and Wisconsin unveiled the Heartland Trophy , a bronze bull, to be played for in their annual rivalry.
- Marquis W. Childs , Pulitzer Prize-winning commentator
- John Cochran , broadcast journalist and correspondent
- Norm Coleman, former Democratic mayor of St. Paul, now Junior Republican U.S. Senator of Minnesota.
- Martha Angle Dorsett, the first woman admitted to the Bar of Minnesota (in 1878)
- Rita Dove, 1993 Poet Laureate of the United States
- George Gallup, founder of the Gallup Poll
- Harvey Ingham , co-owner and editor of the Des Moines Register
- John Irving, writer, A Widow For One Year and The World According to Garp
- Al Jarreau, Grammy Award-winning vocalist
- Barry Kemp , producer of television programs Coach and Newhart (Hayden Fox, the title character of Coach, was named after Iowa football coach Hayden Fry)
- W.P. Kinsella, author of Field of Dreams
- Ashton Kutcher, "Punk'd" actor
- E.F. Linquist , co-founder of the ACT examination
- J. W. Grant MacEwan, Western Canadian icon
- Richard W. Maibaum , author of over a dozen James Bond scripts
- Nicholas Meyer, director of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan
- Dean Montgomery , mathematician
- Flannery O'Connor, author
- Wilbur L. Schramm , founder of the Iowa Writers' Workshop and the Institute of Communications Research at Stanford University
- Wallace Stegner, author
- James Van Allen, physicist, discoverer of two radiation belts, the Van Allen Belts
- Oswald Veblen, mathematician
- Gene Wilder, actor
- Tennessee Williams, Pulitzer Prize-winning writer
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