Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Maryland, College Park
- For other uses, see University of Maryland (disambiguation).
The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public coeducational university situated in suburban Maryland just outside Washington, DC. The flagship institution of the University System of Maryland, the university is most often referred to as the University of Maryland, even though the formal name remains University of Maryland, College Park.
The University originated in College Park in 1859 as the Maryland Agricultural College (MAC), and was one of many colleges to receive federal funds as a land grant college shortly thereafter. In 1916 the institution became known as the Maryland State College. In 1920 the college merged with the already established professional schools in Baltimore to form the University of Maryland. In 1988 the school was formally named University of Maryland, College Park and designated as the flagship campus of the newly-formed University System of Maryland. The university is currently headed by president C. Daniel Mote, Jr. .
Name and structural changes
In 1997 the Maryland General Assembly passed legislation allowing the University of Maryland, College Park to be known simply as the University of Maryland, recognizing the campus's role as the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland. For further information, please see the University of Maryland's own publication in regards to the naming issue in their "Identity Guide" (PDF format).
The other University System of Maryland institutions with the name "University of Maryland" are not satellite campuses of the University of Maryland, College Park, and are not referred to as such. For the above historical reasons, the University of Maryland, Baltimore is also sometimes called "University of Maryland." This is not a significant point of confusion, as UMB is limited to graduate professional education.
- College of Agriculture and Natural Resources
- School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation
- College of Arts and Humanities
- College of Behavioral and Social Sciences
- Robert H. Smith School of Business
- College of Computer, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
- College of Education
- A. James Clark School of Engineering
- College of Health and Human Performance
- College of Information Studies
- Philip Merrill College of Journalism
- College of Life Sciences
- School of Public Policy
Specialized programs offer students academic, community service, and research opportunities outside of the traditional classroom interaction. Students are often invited into these programs based on academic merit, current community service involvement, and racial/ethnic designation. Current programs are given with their specific emphasis:
- Civicus - Emphasis on broad community service.
- College Park Scholars - Community service and academic rigor within a chosen field.
- Gemstone - Specific topical research based academic rigor.
- Global Communities - Immersion in language other than student's native tongue.
- Hinman CEOs - Entrepreneurship based business style learning.
- Honors Humanities - Seminar based academic rigor with an emphasis on the arts and humanities.
- University Honors Program - Broad seminar based academic rigor.
On October 14, 2004 the university added 150 acres (607,000 m²) in an ambitious attempt to create the largest research park inside the Washington, DC Capital Beltway. "M Square" solidifies the university's goal of excellent undergraduate education coupled with breakthrough research. The current construction of a new Bioscience Research Building on campus will also be sure to bolster university reserach in life sciences and continue driving forward the state's already impressive biotechnology industry.
The University of Maryland's unique location near Washington, DC has created strong research partnerships especially with government agencies. These relationships have created numerous research opportunities for the university including:
- taking the lead in the nation-wide research initiative into the transmission and prevention of Avian influenza
- creating a new research center to study the behaviorial and social foundations of terrorism with a grant from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- launching the joint NASA-University of Maryland "Deep Impact" spacecraft in early January, 2005. On July 4, 2005 the craft will land on the "Temple 1" comet to analyze its compenents and help scientists at the university and NASA better understand the composition of the universe
The school's sports teams are called the Terrapins. They participate in the NCAA's Division I-A and in the Atlantic Coast Conference. The school has four "team colors": black, gold, red, and white. Although these are also the four colors of the Maryland state flag, as team colors they have a more interesting origin. When Clark Shaughnessy came from Stanford to coach the Maryland football team in the late 1940's, the "Terps" had sported black and gold for several decades. Shaughnessy brought with him a supply of red and white Stanford uniforms, and soon the school approved the use of all four colors in team uniforms.
In the past five years, the university's athletics program has achieved national prominence, particularly in the revenue generating sports. The football program had achieved little success for many years when Ralph Friedgen, a Maryland graduate in the class of 1970, was hired as head coach in November 2000. "The Fridge" has dramatically reversed the fortunes of Terrapin football in his three seasons, leading the team to 31 wins, an appearance in the BCS Orange Bowl, commanding victories over nationally-respected Tennessee in the Peach Bowl and geographic rival West Virginia in the Gator Bowl, consecutive top-3 finishes in conference, and the only outright ACC regular season title since Florida State's entry into the conference in 1992.
As successful as football has become, men's basketball is arguably still the most popular sport at Maryland, and like football is under the guidance of a Maryland graduate, Gary Williams '68. Williams, who returned to his alma mater in 1989 after successful stints at American University, Boston College, and Ohio State University, inherited a program that was suffering the after-effects of the death of Len Bias as well as NCAA rules infractions under Williams' predecessor Bob Wade. After several years of competing under recruiting sanctions related to these events, Williams has elevated the Terp program to the level of conference foes Duke and North Carolina. Williams has led Maryland to eleven consecutive NCAA tournament appearances (1993 - 2004), a feat that only four other schools in the nation have accomplished, as well as eight consecutive seasons with 20 or more wins (1996 – 2004). In addition, they have reached the tournament's Regional Semifinals (Sweet Sixteen) seven times, reached back-to-back Final Fours, and in 2002, after navigating a very difficult tournament road (defeating past champions Wisconsin, Kentucky, Connecticut, Kansas and Indiana), won the school's first NCAA title in men's basketball. With one of the youngest teams in the nation, Williams led his team to his first ACC Tournament title in 2004, a run which included erasing a 19-point halftime deficit against N.C. State in the semifinals, and erasing a 12-point deficit in three-plus minutes against Duke to force overtime in the tournament final. With well over 500 career victories, including more than 300 at Maryland in either the Cole Field House or Comcast Center, Williams is Maryland's all-time winningest coach, and is considered to be an eventual candidate for the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
Beyond these primary revenue sports, Maryland excels in other areas. Women's basketball is in the midst of a resurgence under former Minnesota coach Brenda Frese, having advanced to the second round of the 2004 women's NCAA tournament -- the first tournament win for the program in twelve years. Friese has also managed to attract top national recruits, beating out nationally prominent Connecticut and Tennessee programs in the process. Men's soccer has been to three Final Fours since 1998, and spent several weeks in the top spot of the polls during the fall of 2003. The field hockey team has enjoyed similar success, with a handful of Final Four appearances and the 1999 national title. The volleyball team surprised many by winning the ACC tournament in 2003, and also qualified for their own NCAA tournament. In lacrosse, the official state team sport, Maryland has been a consistent national leader. The women's lacrosse team, under the direction of Cindy Timchal, has won seven national titles, been an NCAA finalist in eleven of the last fourteen years, and produced more All-Americans in the sport than any other school. The men's program, while not having won a national championship for several decades, is always among the top 10 programs nationally. The school's athletic director is Deborah Yow, considered among the most efficient and forward-thinking ADs by those in the profession. Dr. Yow has succeeded in balancing the Athletic Department's budget every year, while consistently upgrading the quality of the school's facilities and teams.
Lists of Distinguished People
Famous University of Maryland Alumni include:
- Carmen Balthrop , internationally recognized soprano and faculty member, performed at the White House, the Kennedy Center, Carnegie Hall
- Gail Berman, president of Paramount Pictures
- Bonnie Bernstein, network TV sports reporter
- Steve Blake, professional basketball player for the Washington Wizards
- Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google
- Dennis Cardoza, U.S. Congressman from California
- Jerry Ceppos , Vice-President for news operations for Knight Ridder newspapers
- Kiran Chetry , Fox News personality
- Connie Chung, news anchor-woman with CBS, NBC, and CNN
- Mark Ciardi , film producer (Miracle, The Rookie )
- Mary Stallings Coleman , Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Michigan
- Larry David, actor, writer and producer ("Curb Your Enthusiasm", "Seinfeld")
- Dominique Dawes, gymnast for the 1992, 1996, 2000 U.S. Olympics team
- Juan Dixon, professional basketball player for the Washington Wizards
- Darren Drozdov, Former NFL player and professional wrestler
- Michael Ealy, actor (Barbershop, Barbershop 2: Back in Business)
- Len Elmore , former professional NBA player turned TV sports analyst for the ESPN network
- Gordon England, U.S. Secretary of the Navy, former deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
- Boomer Esiason, former NFL quarterback turned television broadcaster.
- Charles Fefferman, mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal
- Carly Fiorina (MBA), former CEO of Hewlett Packard
- Robert Forward, physicist who authored 200 research papers, and science fiction writer known for 11 novels, including Dragon's Egg
- Fred Funk, pro golfer on the PGA TOUR
- Michael Griffin, NASA Administrator
- Joe Haldeman, science fiction writer, best known for The Forever War
- Herbert Hauptman, winner of the 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Jane Healy , Pulitzer Prize-winning editor of The Orlando Sentinel
- Jim Henson, creator of the Muppets
- Steny Hoyer, U.S. Congressman from Maryland, chief sponsor of the Americans with Disabilities Act
- Harry R. Hughes, Governor of Maryland from 1979 to 1987
- Jack Kelley, former USA Today reporter
- Jeffrey Kluger , writer, best known for co-writing with Jim Lovell, the book the movie Apollo 13 is based on
- Jason Kravits , actor ("The Practice")
- Tim Kurkjian , ESPN commentator/analyst and writer
- Munro Leaf, author
- William McCool, NASA astronaut, killed on Columbia mission STS-107
- Mark McEwen , TV personality and former weatherman for CBS Morning News and The Early Show
- Aaron McGruder, creator of comic strip The Boondocks
- Theodore R. McKeldin, Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland from 1943 to 1947 and 1963 to 1967, and Governor of Maryland from 1951 to 1959
- Tom McMillen , former professional NBA player and Congressman in the U.S. House of Representatives
- Parren Mitchell , former U.S. Congressman from Maryland
- Nguyen Si Binh, Vietnamese American Chairman of the People's Action Party of Vietnam
- Robert M. Parker, Jr., wine critic
- George Pelecanos, mystery writer
- Judith Resnik, Ph.D. 1977, NASA astronaut, killed on Challenger mission STS-51-L
- David Simon, creator of Homicide: Life on the Street
- Bert Sugar, boxing writer and historian
- Shirley Thomson , Director of the Canada Council
- Mike Tice, former NFL player and current Minnesota Vikings head coach
- Kathleen Turner, Academy Award nominated movie actress, twice winner of the Golden Globe
- Joseph Tydings, former U.S. Senator from Maryland
- Millard Tydings, former U.S. Senator from Maryland who introduced legislation in 1920 to create the University of Maryland
- Scott Van Pelt, anchor for the television show SportsCenter on the ESPN network
- Paul W. Richards, NASA astronaut who flew on Discovery mission STS-102
- Dutch Ruppersberger, U.S. Congressman from Maryland
- Randy White, former professional football player for the Dallas Cowboys, Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
- DeWayne Wickham , writer and USA Today syndicated columnist
Well-known faculty (past and present) include:
- Michael Brin , mathematician
- David S. Broder, journalist, winner of Pulitzer Prize in 1973.
- Rachel Carson, ecologist and author of Silent Spring.
- Michael E. Fisher , winner of Wolf Priz in physics
- Jon Franklin , alumnus ('70) and Pulitzer Prize-winning writer
- Peter Miller , historian and MacArthur Fellow.
- Serguei Novikov, mathematician, winner of Fields Medal in 1970.
- Michael Olmert , Emmy award winning filmmaker.
- Robert L. Park, physicist, anti-pseudoscience activist.
- Bill Phillips, winner of the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics.
- Georges Rey, philosopher.
- George Ritzer, sociologist.
- Roald Sagdeev , physicist, former science advisor to Mikhail Gorbachev
- Julian Simon, Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute.
- John S. Toll, physicist and well-known educational administrator.
- Harris Wofford, former U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
- James A. Yorke, a founding father of chaos theory, winner of Japan Prize in 2003.
- University of Maryland website
- The Diamondback, the independent student newspaper
- WMUC, the college radio station
- Unversity of Maryland Terrapins Official Athletic Site
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details