Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Missouri - Columbia
|The University of Missouri-Columbia|
|School type||Flagship Public University|
|Chancellor||Dr. Brady J Deaton|
|Location||Columbia, Missouri, USA|
|Campus|| 1,358 acres (main campus)
18,021 acres (total MU acreage)
|Enrollment|| Total, 27,003, |
|Colors||Black & Old Gold|
The University of Missouri-Columbia (abbreviated UMC and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri. Columbia is the largest campus, of equal standing, in the University of Missouri System with approximately 27,000 students and is often considered the flagship campus of the system. UMC is more often called MU and, rarely, Missouri University.
UMC was founded in 1839 as part of the Geyer Act to establish a state university, the first west of the Mississippi River. During the American Civil War, supporters of the Union wanted to move the campus to a "more loyal" area. Tensions forced the university to close its doors for parts of 1862.
The original tombstone of Thomas Jefferson resides on the MU campus. Jefferson's heirs gave it to the campus in July 1883 because it was the first state university in the Louisiana Purchase territory.
On January 9, 1892, the school's main academic building, simply called Academic Hall, burned to the ground, leaving little more than six stone columns standing. The columns, which still stand today, became a symbol of the campus and form the center of Francis Quadrangle, the oldest part of campus. This section, where the buildings are built of red brick, are known as "red campus." East of the quadrangle, many buildings were built in 1913 and 1914 of white limestone. This section is known as "white campus."
In 1908, the world's first school of journalism was founded at UMC. Today, UMC is known for its journalism and agriculture programs. The university's academic divisions include the College of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Business, College of Education, College of Engineering, College of Human Sciences , School of Health Professions, School of Medicine, School of Nursing, School of Law, School of Veterinary Medicine and the graduate school, which includes an institute of public affairs. UMC is unique among public universities of its size due to the fact that it houses a law school, medical school, veterinary medicine school and a graduate school. This university is considered a research extensive land grant institution. Students and faculty have been awarded for their outstanding research in the biosciences fields.
The Missouri Tigers are members of the Big Twelve Conference and their colors are black and gold. Athletic divisions include men's and women's basketball, baseball, cross country, football, golf, equestrian, rowing, swimming, track, tennis and voleyball. The most winning football coach was Dan Devine and the most winning men's basketball caoch was Norm Stewart , an MU alum.
Mizzou has been home to such celebrities as:
- Anthony Peeler , Basketball Player
- Brad Pitt, actor
- Chris Cooper, actor
- George C. Scott, actor
- Kareem Rush, Basketball Player
- Keyon Dooling , Basketball Player
- Christopher "Kit" Bond, U.S. Senator
- Mel Carnahan, (law school) Governor, First man elected U.S. Senator posthumously
- Mort Walker, cartoonist
- Roger B. Wilson, lieutenant governor
- Sam Walton, founder of Wal-Mart
- Sheryl Crow, musician
- Thomas Eagleton, former U.S Senator
- William Least Heat-Moon, author
The University of Missouri and civil rights
In the winter of 1935, four graduates of Lincoln University--a traditionally black school about 30 miles away in Jefferson City, Missouri--were denied admission to UMC's graduate school. One of the students, Lloyd L. Gaines, brought his case to the United States Supreme Court. On December 12, 1938, in a landmark 6-2 decision, the court ordered the state of Missouri to admit Gaines to UMC's law school or provide a facility of equal stature. Gaines, however, disappeared in Chicago on March 19, 1939.
Although Gaines did not survive to benefit from the decision, the case led directly to the 1954 case of Brown v. Board of Education, which declared segregation in education unconstitutional. The UM Board of Curators renamed the school's Black Culture Center in Gaines' honor in 2001.
Points of interest
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