Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
University of Oslo
The University of Oslo (Universitetet i Oslo, in Latin Universitas Osloensis) was founded in 1811 as Universitas Regia Fredericiana (the Royal Frederick University, norwegian Det Kgl. Frederiks Universitet), modelled after the recently established Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitńt in Berlin. The university currently has about 32,000 students and employs about 4600 people. It is the largest, most prestigious and oldest university in Norway.
The university has faculties of Theology, Law, Medicine, Humanities, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Dentistry, Social Sciences and Education. The Faculty of Law is still located at the old campus on Karl Johans gate (Oslo's central pedestrian street), near the National Theatre , the Royal Castle , the Supreme Court and the Parliament, while most of the other faculties are located at a modern campus area called Blindern, erected from the 1930'ies. The current head (2002 - 2005) of the University is Arild Underdal , professor of political science.
The reason the university was established as late as 1811, is that Norway and Denmark prior to 1814 were in a personal union (see Denmark-Norway), with Copenhagen being the common capital. Thus, the Norwegian students in previous times attended the University of Copenhagen. Even after 1814 there have traditionally been very close academic ties between Norway and Denmark, and the countries have used the same grade system.
Four researchers at the University of Oslo have been rewarded with Nobel prizes:
- Ragnar Frisch - 1969 - Economics
- Odd Hassel - 1969 - Chemistry
- Ivar GiŠver - 1973 - Physics
- Trygve Haavelmo - 1989 - Economics
Natural sciences and mathematics
- Atle Selberg (b. 1917), mathematician (Ph.D. 1943)
As Norway is a largely social democratic society, the university charges only a minor tuition of 100 NOK (primarily a copy fee). However, students are also required to pay a fee to the students welfare organization Studentsamskipnaden i Oslo, which use the money for student benefits such as subsidized kindergartens, a student newspaper, athletic programmes, psychology service, student canteens, student housing and so on. This fee is now at 410 NOK (approx. 65 USD) per semester. The student newspaper is Universitas (Circulation: 17,000).
- The Universitetet i Oslo website
- Studentsamskipnaden i Oslo
- Universitas student newspaper
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