Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Major Vaishnava schools of thought:
- Vishishtadvaita, espoused by Ramanuja
- Dvaita espoused by Shri Madhvacharya
- Achintya Bheda-Bheda, espoused by Shri Caitanya Mahaprabhu adhered by Gaudiya Vaishnavism. ISKCON is the most well known branch of this school.
- Shuddhaadvaita , espoused by Vallabhacharya
- Dvaitaadvaita , espoused by Nimbarka
The distinction between this branch and others is made by those who study religion. However it may not always be clear to practising Hindus who often take freely from the practices of the different branches. It is likely that a majority (75-80%) of today's Hindus would consider themselves Vaishnava, if pressed to make a distinction. Of the remainder, most would probably consider themselves Saivites.
Vaishnavites, like Saivites, believe that there is only one God, who simultaneously permeates all creation and exists beyond it, being both immanent and transcendent. The concept is in contrast with many Semitic religious traditions, where God is seen as transcendent only. As all other Hindu denominations, Vaishnavism acknowledges the existence of many lower Gods under the Supreme One. These Gods are encompassed by Him, seen as either as manifestations of the Supreme Being or as powerful entities who are permeated by Him, as is all Creation.
- http://www.dlshq.org/download/hinduismbk.htm#_VPID_73 (What are the Vaishnavas?)
- http://www.dlshq.org/download/hinduismbk.htm#_VPID_96 (describes philosophical schools of Vaishnavism)
- http://www.dvaita.org/docs/srv_faq.html (Who is Vishnu? and the nature of Him.)
- http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/gita/gita_sara/gs-007.html (See #56 and #57.)
- Gaudiya Vaishnavism
- Krishna.com All about Krishna. Info, books, MP3s, images, radio. . .
- ISKCON.com Official ISKCON site.
- http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/gita/gita_sara/gs-007.html (only one God in Hinduism, #56 and see Shri Krishna is the supreme God; #57.)
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