Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Her cult began in Ardea and Lavinium, Latium. On August 18, 293 BC, her oldest temple was built. August 18 was then a festival called the Vinalia Rustica. On April 1, the Veneralia was celebrated in honor of Venus Verticordia , the protector against vice. On April 23 215 BC, a temple was built outside the Colline gate on the Capitol dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene .
Julius Caesar introduced Venus Genetrix as a goddess of motherhood and domesticity.
Venus in art
Venus has been depicted nude in sculpture since 5th century Athens. Certain iconic formulas were often repeated: Venus Pudica covers her nakedness with graceful gestures; Venus Anadyomene squats to wring the water from her hair. She is the embodiment of desirable femininity, and because of this, ancient mother goddess statues have been termed Venus figurines, the most famous being the paleolithic Venus of Willendorf.
According to German legend, the knight and poet Tannhäuser found the Venusburg, or subterranean home of Venus, and spent a year there enchanted by Venus.
Venus in other mythologies
- Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli in Aztec mythology
- Kukulcan in Maya mythology
- Frigg and Freya in the Norse mythos
- Ushas in Vedic religion. Etymologically, Venus is cognate to Sanskrit vanas- "loveliness; longing, desire", an epitheton of Ushas, suggesting a Proto-Indo-European link.
- 'Venus Chiding Cupid for Learning to Cast Accounts' by Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Lady Lever Art Gallery
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