Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. This entails both crimes in which the violent act is the objective, such as murder, as well as crimes in which violence is the means to an end, such as robbery. Violent crimes include crimes committed with and without weapons. With the exception of rape (which accounts for 6% of all violent crimes), males are the primary victims of all violent crime.
The United States Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) counts five categories of crime as violent crimes: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault . According to BJS figures, the rate of violent crime victimization in the United States declined by more than half between the years 1994 and 2001. 
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