Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Gropius was an architect, like his father before him, and designed buildings which used modern materials and are often compared to abstract paintings. He founded the Bauhaus, a school of design where students were taught to use modern and innovative materials to create original furniture and buildings.
Gropius married Alma Schindler after the death of her husband Gustav Mahler, and they had a daughter, Manon (1916–1935). When she died of polio at age seventeen, composer Alban Berg wrote his Violin Concerto in her memory. Gropius' marriage to Alma did not last and Alma later married again, to Franz Werfel.
In 1945, Gropius founded The Architects' Collaborative (TAC)in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a group of younger architects. The original partners included Norman C. Fletcher, Jean B. Fletcher, John C. Harkness, Sarah P. Harkness, Robert S. MacMillan, Louis A. MacMillen and Benjamin C. Thompson. After this establishment, TAC would become one of the most well known and respected architectual firms in the world. Some of TAC's most important works include the Harvard Graduate Center (1949-1950), the University of Baghdad (1957-1960), the John F. Kennedy Federal Building (1963-1966), the Attleboro Junior High School (1948), the Pan-Am (now Metlife) building (1958-1963), the Interbau Apartment blocks (1957), and the architectual award-winning Wayland High School (1961). TAC has remained a notable landmark in architectual history.
- Bauhaus, 1919–1925, Dessau, Germany
- Gropius House, 1937, Lincoln, Massachusetts Photos
- Harvard Graduate Center, 1950, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- Interbau Apartment blocks, 1957, Hansaviertel Berlin, Germany, with TAC and Wils Ebert Photos
- Metlife Building, 1963, New York, New York
Gropius and Alma are mentioned in Tom Lehrer's song "Alma".
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