Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
William Dampier (August,1651 - March,1715) was a controversial English explorer, sea captain, and scientific observer. He was the first Englishman to explore or map parts of New Holland (Australia) and New Guinea.
Dampier was born near Yeovil. After various seafaring adventures, and leading a semi-piratical life, he was in 1688 marooned on one of the Nicobar Islands, but escaped to Acheen , returned to England in 1691.
He captained a voyage of discovery on HMS Roebuck .
He had an unusual degree of influence on figures better known than he is :
- His observations and analysis of natural history helped Darwin's and Alexander von Humboldt's development of their theories,
- He made innovations in navigational technology that were studied by Capt. Cook and Adm. Nelson.
- Daniel Defoe, author of Robinson Crusoe, was reportedly inspired by his account of real-life castaway Alexander Selkirk.
- His reports on breadfruit led to Capt. Bligh's ill-fated voyage.
- He is cited over a thousand times in the Oxford English Dictionary.
- A New Voyage Round the World, (1697)
- Voyages and Descriptions, (1699)
- A Supplement of the Voyage Round the World
- The Campeachy Voyages
- A Discourse of Winds
- A Voyage to New Holland, (Part 1 1703, Part 2 1709)
- Diana and Michael Preston, A Pirate of Exquisite Mind
- Anton Gill, Devil's Mariner
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details