Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
William G. Golding
Sir William Gerald Golding (September 19 1911 - June 19 1993) was a Cornish novelist and poet and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1983) "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today."
During World War II he served in the Royal Navy and was involved in the sinking of Germany's mightiest battleship, the Bismarck. He participated in the invasion of Normandy on D-Day and at war's end went back to teaching and writing.
Golding's often allegorical fiction makes broad use of allusions to classical literature , mythology, and Christian symbolism. Although no distinct thread unites his novels and his technique varies, Golding deals principally with evil and emerges with what has been characterized as a kind of dark optimism. Golding's first novel, Lord of the Flies (novel) (1954; film, 1963), introduced one of the recurrent themes of his fiction--the conflict between humanity's innate barbarism and the civilizing influence of reason. The Inheritors (1955) reaches into prehistory, advancing the thesis that humankind's evolutionary ancestors, "the fire-builders," triumphed over a gentler race as much by violence and deceit as by natural superiority. In Pincher Martin (1956) and Free Fall (1959), Golding explores fundamental problems of existence, such as survival and human freedom, using dreamlike narratives and flashbacks. The Spire (1964) is an allegory concerning the hero's obsessive determination to build a great cathedral spire regardless of the consequences. Golding's later novels have not won the praise his earlier works achieved. They include Darkness Visible (1979) and the historical sea trilogy Rites of Passage (1981), Close Quarters (1987), and Fire Down Below (1989).
His winning of the Nobel Prize was not without controversy, as he was regarded by some as a novelist only of local interest.
- Poems (1934)
- Lord of the Flies (1954)
- The Inheritors (1955)
- Pincher Martin (1956)
- Free Fall (1959)
- The Spire (1964)
- The Hot Gates (1965)
- The Scorpion God (1971)
- Darkness Visible (1979)
- A Moving Target (1982)
- The Paper Men (1984)
- To The Ends of the Earth trilogy - Rites of Passage (1980), Close Quarters (1987), and Fire Down Below (1989)
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