Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
In Malay Language, the province is also written as Jolor.
Yala is located on the Malay Peninsula.
Historically Pattani was the centre of the semi-independent Malay Pattani kingdom, but paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell in 1767 Pattani gained full independence, but under King Rama I it again came under Siam's control. In 1909, it was annexed by Siam as part of a treaty negotiated with the British Empire. Along with Narathiwat, Yala was originally part of Pattani, but they were split off and became provinces of their own. There is a separatist movement in Yala, which after being dormant for many years erupted again in 2004.
|The provincial seal shows a miner with simple mining tools including hoes, crowbars, and baskets. Yala was originally a mining town with tin and tungsten ores.
The provincial tree is the Red Saraca (Saraca declinata ), and the provincial flower is the Bullet Wood (Mimusops elengi ).
There has been unrest in southern Thailand since January 4 2004, particularly in the provinces of Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani. These regions are home to most of the Muslim minority in Thailand, many of whom are also ethnic Malays. These have been the scene of separatist activity since the 1980s. The population is particularly disaffected by the perceived heavy-handed crackdown on these activities by the central government, which has protrayed the security problems in the region as a non-issue.
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Golden Jubilee Network province guide
- "700 casualties since January" - news article by Xinhua
- "78 killed following riot" - news article by MSNBC
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