Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Yelverton is a small town on the south western edge of Dartmoor, Devon, in the United Kingdom, about eight miles north of Plymouth. Its name is thought to be a permuation of 'Elfordtown' because of the local accent.
The construction of the railway line, and Yelverton railway station, during the 19th century meant that it became a popular residence for Plymouth commuters - the line was run by the Great Western Railway (GWR). The line is now closed, but the Plym Valley Railway has reopened a section of it.
Yelverton is well known for ‘the rock’ - a large mass of stone that tops a hill on nearby Roborough Down . It gave its name to the Rock Hotel, built as a farm during the Elizabethan period, but converted in the 1850s to cater for growing tourism in the area.
During the Second World War, an airfield was constructed at Yelverton to defend Plymouth. A 19th century terrace of houses, then mostly converted into shops, had to have its upper storey removed to provide an easier approach. One tall building which was not altered was Yelverton Church, but unfortunately the tower was hit by a plane, so a warning light was fitted.
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