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Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam
Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam (aired 1985–1986) was a televised anime, one of Gundam series and a sequel to the original Mobile Suit Gundam. It takes place in UC 0086, six years after the end of the One-Year War. After the events of Gundam 0083, the Federation military established an elite division called the Titans to hunt down the remaining pockets of Zeon resistance, but the Titans used brutal methods to reach their goals. Two resistance groups, the AEUG (Anti-Earth Union Group) and their earthbound counterparts, the Karaba (led by Mobile Suit Gundam's Hayato Kobayashi), were formed. The series begins when a thinly-disguised Char Aznable, now a member of AEUG under the alias "Quattro Bagina", raids a Titan military base in the occupied colony Green Noah in Side 7 to acquire intelligence on the Federation's new Mobile Suit prototype, the black Gundam Mark-II. Kamille Bidan, a hot-headed Newtype dissident, is caught up in the raid and helps AEUG steal the Mark-II. Eventually, he joins the AEUG, initially as the Mark-II pilot, then as the pilot of the new Z-Gundam mobile suit (made by the AEUG and based on Kamille's own design).
The show was written and directed by Tomino Yoshiyuki, with character designs by Yasuhiko Yoshikazu, while the series' mechanical designs were split amongst Okawara Kunio , Nagano Mamoru, and Fujita Kazumi . It is well known that Tomino was suffering from clinical depression while producing Zeta Gundam, and the series reflects its creator's dark mood - many characters both good and evil die throughout the series, in what is arguably the bloodiest Gundam series. Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam can even be seen as a Futuristic Gundam-style interpretation of George Orwell's Classic 1984, with the Titans Standing as the Party. In celebration of Gundam's 25th anniversary (and also the 20th anniversary of Zeta Gundam), this series will be compiled into a new movie trilogy in 2005. Bandai is also releasing in the US a limited edition Zeta Gundam box set that incudes several collectibles along with the full series.
In the fictional Gundam universe (Universal Century or UC), the Titans were an elite counter-insurgency group formed by the Federation Council in response to Operation Stardust. The group was tasked with the job of eliminating any remaining Zeon sympathizers within the earth sphere; however this objective eventually expanded to include all persons who opposed the Federation.
The Titans were founded by Jamitov Hyman, who argued that the safety of the Federation displaced the civil rights of the citizens living under the Federation. In creating the Titans, he essentially created a special forces unit that had the ability to act outside the limit of Federation's supervision. As timed passed more and more people lined up to join the Titans, inspired by the group's success in repelling Anti-Federation movements.
Eventually, the Titans got overzealous in their pursuit of dissidents, and began resorting to Zeon-like tactics to force people to do their will. The Titans were called in to suppress the citizens on Side 1's 30 bunch, who had originally gathered to protest Titans actions but ended up rioting. The Titans shut down air circulation to the colony and pumped it full of piosonous gas, killing millions. When the Federation Council refused to charge the Titans with any wrong doing, dissident citizens and soldiers both on earth and in space formed the Karaba and AEUG resistant movements, respectively.
Anti Earth Union Group/AEUG
The Anti Earth Union Group, or AEUG for short, is a resistance movement formed to fight the Titans in space. Almost two years after the Earth Federation created the Titans, the AEUG was formed after the "30 Bunch Incident" on Side 1's 30 Bunch and in revolt against the Titans' cruel and brutal authority. The AEUG is made up of former Zeon and Federation officers that feel that the Titans must come to an end. A few One Year War veterans, including Amuro Ray, Bright Noa, and the infamous "Red Comet" , Char Aznable (Quatto Bajeena ), have joined the conflict.
With the successful conclusion of the Delaz Fleet's Operation Stardust, the Federation decided to form an elite unit of the Space Force whose sole purpose would be to hunt down renegade citizens who either supported the Zeon and their cause or spoke out against the Federation government - the Titans. As time went by this force became more and more powerful, and the citizens of the Federation grew to resent it. On 31 July UC 0085, a massive protest was held in Side 1's 30 Bunch (the 30th Colony in Side 1's territory) against actions of Titans, but the protest soon turned into chaos, with riots breaking out throughout the Colony. After repeated attempts by the Federation forces to calm the riots failed, the Titans were dispatched to put it to an end. The Titans began by shutting off the colony's air supply, and proceeded to pumped the whole cylinder (about 20 miles long and 4 miles wide) with toxic gas, killing everyone.
When word got out about the incedent, several thousand citizens joined togather with dissendant Federation officers and men to form the extra-terrestrial Anti Earth Union Group, which became the largest armed organization to challenge the Titans power. Assisted by a similar movement on earth, the AEUG started their resistance by raiding a Titan's military facility and stealing the Gundam Mk-II prototypes. This act enraged the Titans, and a full scale civil war for control of the Space Colonies erupted between the Titans and the AEUG.
The AEUG utilized several machines during the war, among them the Gundam Mark II, which was stolen from Titans, the Salamis class cruiser, the Irish class battleship, and the Argama. During the next year of fighting, the AEUG managed to seize the upper hand and ultimately used one of the Titans' superweapons against them, destroying or disabling nearly every ship in the Titan's fleet.
In ZZ Gundam the mission of the AEUG shifted from fighting the Titans to fighting the Axis Zeon/Neo Zeon movement.
This was the Earth-based resistant movement against the Titans. Although they are not as well known as their space counterparts in the AEUG, they were nonetheless extremely important in the fight against the Titans. Their most important members are ace pilot Amuro Ray, and Karaba's leader, Director Hayato Kobayashi; both fought together as members of the White Base crew during the One-Year War. The Karaba operates from the Audhumla, a giant cargo ship stolen from the Federation during the AEUG attack to Jaburo, which became the resistance's mobile headquarters and flagship. Karaba's most significant operations were an all-out attack on the Titans headquarters in Kilimanjaro, and temporarily seizing control of the Federation congress in Dakar to allow Char Aznable to make a globally televised speech.
In ZZ Gundam the mission of the Karaba shifted from fighting the Titans to fighting the Axis/Neo Zeon movement.
Axis Zeon (later Neo Zeon)
The Axis Zeon (or simply Axis) are remanent members of the Pricipality of Zeon who, for various reasons, retreated to the astroid Axis at the end of the One Year War. Most members of this group seek to forcibly re-establish the Principality of Zeon. They are lead by Haman Khan, who was chosen to rule over the Principality supporters until Mineva Loa Zabi became old enough to do so on her own.
The Axis returned to the earth sphere on October 12, UC0087, during the height of the Earth Federation's civil war, which made them very important to both the Titans and the AEUG; if either side was able to form an alliance with the Axis they would virtually double their size. The AEUG was the first group to send representatives to negotiate with the Axis, but the negotiations broke down, and in the end Haman choose to side with the Titans. However, the AEUG secretly opened a second round of negotiations with Axis, in which Haman pledged to assist them against the Titans. In truth, Haman's goal was to play the Titans and AEUG against each other, so that whichever side emerged victorious would be sufficiently weakened that her forces could overcome them and seize control of the Earth Sphere.
In ZZ Gundam the Axis adopted the name Neo Zeon, and sought to capitalize on that mostly successful strategy.
The "Newtypes" began to grow in numbers during and following the One-Year War. However, they became the target of different military organizations, this time the Titans and the Earth Federation who believed that they can be made into living weapons of war. The Psycommu (Psychic Communicator) system was invented, which allowed these Newtypes to control remote weapons known as "bits" and "funnels", and even mobile suits, through thought alone. Experimentations began so that certain Newtypes' psychic abilities would be expanded even more, and a new project also began, conducted by the Federation Murasame Labs to bestow Newtype abilities on ordinary humans. This process was extremely flawed, however. While many of these "artificial Newtypes" do have powerful abilities, they frequently suffer from extreme mental inestability, and also were subject of mind control. Kamille, Amuro and Char, all of them being natural Newtypes, fought with the AEUG to stop experiments on Newtypes. Eventually, Kamille would start a doomed romance with an artifical Newtype, Four Murasame.
Preceded by: Mobile Suit Gundam
Followed by: Mobile Suit Gundam ZZ
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