Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The corps was first raised in Algeria in 1831 with one and later two battalions, and recruited solely from the Zouaoua, a tribe of Berbers, dwelling in the mountains of the Jurjura range (see Kabyles). In 1838 a third battalion was raised, and the regiment thus formed was commanded by Lamoriciere. Shortly afterwards the formation of the Tirailleurs algeriens, the Turcos, as the corps for natives, changed the enlistment for the Zouave battalions, and they became, as they now remain, a purely French body. Three regiments were formed in 1852, and a fourth, the Zouaves of the Imperial Guard, in 1854. The Crimean War was the first service which the regiments saw outside Algeria.
The Papal Zouaves were formed in defence of the Papal states by Lamoriciere in 1860. After the occupation of Rome by Victor Emmanuel in 1870, the Papal Zouaves served the government of National Defence in France during the Franco-Prussian War, and were disbanded after the entrance of German troops into Paris.
Several Zouave Regiments were organized from American soldiers who adopted the name and the North African inspired uniforms during the American Civil War.
The Zouave uniform was quite elaborate, to the extent that it was unwieldy. Zouaves wore a fez with a yellow tassel, a tightly fitting jacket, a ten-foot long red sash, baggy pants, white boots, and a covering for the lower leg called jambierres . The sash was especially difficult to put on, often requiring the help of another Zouave.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details