Self-esteem and sports
The materials required for the experiment:
- 5 boys and 5 girls 16 years of age who are active in sports
- 5 boys and 5 girls 16 years of age who are not active in sports
- A self-esteem survey form
- An examination room
1. For this experiment, the independent variable is whether or not the participant is active in sports. The dependent variable is the result of the self-esteem survey. This is determined by reviewing the answers provided by each participant. The constants (control variables) are the age of the participants and the time given to complete the survey.
2. Five boys and five girls 16 years of age who are actively involved in sports and another five boys and five girls who are not active in sports are randomly selected to take part in the survey.
3. A self esteem survey-test is acquired for the purposes of this project. These tests are commercially available (eg. Sorensen/Coopersmith)
4. Twenty copies are made of the self-esteem survey form. The participants are brought to the examination room. They are seated and given 30 minutes to complete the survey form. At the end of the 30 minutes the survey forms are collected from the participants.
5. The score for each survey form is calculated. The results are recorded in the table given below. The level of self-esteem is determined from the totaled points as follows :
• Between 120 to 140 - High self esteem
• Between 90 to 120 – Average self esteem
• Below 90 – Low self esteem