The importance of ammonia in the formation of salt crystals
When more ammonia used, more salt crystals are formed.
Crystals are an organized arrangement of atoms and molecules, with each type of crystal having its own shape and properties. Salt crystals are made from sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) atoms and have a cubic shape. A salt solution will contain sodium and chlorine atoms that are separated by water molecules. When the water evaporates from the solution, the sodium and chlorine atoms start bonding together to form crystals.
Placing a porous material like a sponge, charcoal or broken ceramic in the salt solution helps to draw in the mixture through capillary action. The water will evaporate from the surface of the porous material, leaving behind crystals. The crystallization process is driven by the evaporation of water and placing the solution in a dry place or under a slight breeze will help the crystals to grow faster.
A laundry agent known as bluing liquid is sometimes used to help the crystals to form. It contains a fine powder that acts as a nucleation site for crystals to grow. Bluing liquid also contains an iron compound that will react with ammonia to form iron salts.
Handle the ammonia carefully.