The effect of surface temperature on fingerprints
The materials required for this science fair project:
- 6 drinking glasses
- 1 bag of ice
- 1 hot plate
- 1 thermometer
- Tap water
- 1 bottle of cocoa powder
- 1 soft brush
- 1 roll of transparent cellophane tape (30mm width)
- A4 size paper
- 1 plastic glove
- 1 piece of cloth
- 1 black marker
1. For this science fair project, the independent variable is the temperature of the drinking glasses. The dependent variable is the clarity of the fingerprint made on the glass. This is determined by comparing powdered copies of fingerprints obtained on pieces of cellophane tape. The constants (control variables) are the drinking glasses, the finger used to create the fingerprints, the cocoa power as well as the softness of the brush used.
2. Label the 6 drinking glasses as 0°C, 10°C, 20°C, 30°C, 40°C and 50°C respectively with the black marker. Record the temperatures on a sheet of A4 paper, 50mm apart.
3. Wear the plastic glove and carefully clean the drinking glasses with a wet cloth, removing all stains and fingerprints.
4. Fill the 6 glasses with tap water till they are about 80% full. Adjust the temperature of the water in each glass to 0°C, 10°C, 20°C, 30°C, 40°C or 50°C according to the temperature marked on each glass. Lower the temperature of the water by stirring in ice cubes, and increase the temperature of the water by placing the glass on a hot plate and setting it to the appropriate temperature.
5. Check the temperature of the water in each glass using a thermometer. Once the temperature of both the water and glass has stabilized, remove the plastic glove. Press a finger firmly against the surface of the glass to create a fingerprint.
6. Wear the plastic glove again and pour the water out from the glass. Allow the temperature of the glass to return to room temperature.
7. Sprinkle some cocoa powder on the surface of the glass. Using the soft brush gently dust the powder off the glass surface.A fingerprint will appear. Place the adhesive side of the transparent cellophane tape over the fingerprint to collect it. Then, stick the piece of tape onto the A4 paper, under the appropriate label.
8. Once all 6 prints have been taken and placed on the A4 paper, make a comparison and rate them 1 to 6. 1 being the clearest fingerprint and 6 being the least clear fingerprint.