The danger of static electricity at gas stations
Compared to PVC seats, leather car seats produce more static electricity than PVC seats. Our second hypothesis is that between cotton, polyester, nylon, and human hair - polyester will produce the greatest static charge.
Static electricity is created by the accumulation of electric charges on the surface of a body. The accumulated charges will be discharged when contact is made with another surface.
All matter is made up of atoms. The atom has a nucleus in its core, which contains neutrons and protons. Its electrons are located outside the nucleus. The ability of the atom to capture or release its electrons is determined by its position in the tribo-electric series. When an atom loses an electron, it becomes positively charged and it will fall on the positive side of the tribo-electric series. When the atom captures an electron, it will be negatively charged and will fall on the negative side of the tribo-electric series.
When two types of insulating materials are rubbed together, static electric charges will be produced. The friction created by the rubbing of these two materials will help to produce static electricity. One of the materials will release electrons while the other will receive the electrons.
Ensure that this experiment is conducted ina well ventilated, safe place, with no flammable substances /gases present.