The Relationship between Salinity and Temperature
Salinity refers to the amount of salt that is dissolved in water. Temperature change is most common in surface waters, due to exposure to the sun. During the day, water near the surface of the sea is warmed up due to heat from the sun. At night, the water cools down as it loses heat. This is in contrast to water found in the depths of the ocean, where the temperature is cooler and more consistent. Salinity decreases with an increase in temperature, in part due to a change in density. Warm water is less dense than colder water, meaning that water molecules are further apart from each other in warmer waters. Water that is more dense is saltier. The two factors of density and temperature are interrelated and together they affect the amount of salinity in the water.
This science project requires an electric aquarium heater and water.