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Water Pollution Science Fair Project

Investigating Acid Rain

Investigating Acid Rain | Science Fair Projects | STEM Projects
Acid rain is a form of precipitation that is more acidic than normal rain. It is caused by pollutants in the air that react with water droplets in the atmosphere. In this experiment, we will explore how acid rain affects our environment by performing long-term "real-time" experiments.


The hypothesis is that acid rain has a negative effect on our environment.

Method & Materials

You will prepare Petri dishes with soil and stone, leaf, and raw fish. One set will be watered with distilled water, the other with sulfuric acid. You will also draw a mural about our environment and discuss how acid rain is formed. Finally, you will set up long-term experiments to observe the effects of acid rain.
You will need 6 Petri dishes, pipette, large bell jar or similar item, sulfuric acid, two 2-liter soft drink containers, 4 small pieces of marble or limestone, continuous strip of chart paper approximately 3 ft by 6 ft, pastel crayons or markers, small growing plant, 4 small pieces of raw fish, 2 green leaves, small amount of soil.


Through this experiment, we can observe the effects of acid rain on our environment. We can see how it affects soil/stone, plant, and animal materials compared to the items in plain water.

Why do this project?

This science project is interesting and unique because it allows students to explore the effects of acid rain in a creative and hands-on way.

Also Consider

Experiment variations to consider include testing different concentrations of sulfuric acid and observing the effects of acid rain on different types of plants and animals.

Full project details

You can find additional information and details for this science fair project here. Have fun exploring!
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