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Building and Construction Science Fair Project

Testing Building Materials in Earthquake-Prone Areas

Testing Building Materials in Earthquake-Prone Areas | Science Fair Projects | STEM Projects
Earthquakes can cause devastating damage to buildings, but the right building materials can help minimize the destruction. In this project, you'll test the strength of timber, brick, and concrete to see which material is best for earthquake-prone areas.


The hypothesis is that timber is suitable for use as a building material in earthquake-prone areas.

Method & Materials

You will set up an experiment to measure the amount of vibration absorbed by different building materials. You will suspend a metal ball from the ceiling and knock it against the materials to measure the height of the waves in a tray of water.
You will need a transparent plastic or glass tray, tap water, a spherical metal ball with a hook, a meter-long string, a concrete slab, 6 bricks, a piece of timber, a ruler, and a small table.


The experiment showed that the impact of the metal ball on the timber wood produced the highest wave in the water compared to the brick and concrete. This means that timber is more structurally stable during an earthquake and is less likely to collapse during tremors.

Why do this project?

This science project is interesting because it tests the strength of different building materials in an earthquake-prone area. It also shows how the right building materials can help minimize the destruction caused by an earthquake.

Also Consider

Try repeating the experiment using different materials like steel and reinforced concrete. You can also repeat the experiment by increasing the weight of the metal ball or adding base isolators under the water tray.

Full project details

You can find additional information and details for this science fair project here. Have fun exploring!

Related videos

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