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Geology Science Fair Project

Jiggly Earth: Exploring Liquefaction

Jiggly Earth: Exploring Liquefaction | Science Fair Projects | STEM Projects
Have you ever wondered what happens in liquefaction? In this science project, you will find out by adding water to different types of soil and measuring the results. You will use sand, clay, and loam and measure how much water is needed for the brick to sink.


The hypothesis is that sand will require the most water before soil liquefaction occurs.

Method & Materials

You will fill each pail with a different type of soil, stack the bricks on top, draw a line to mark the sinking of the brick, and pour 100ml of water into the soil. You will repeat this process until the bricks sink or collapse.
You will need 1 pail of sand, 1 pail of clay, 1 pail of loam, tap water, 1 measuring jug, 3 bricks, 1 black marker, 1 ruler, and 1 stopwatch.


The results showed that sand required the most amount of water to sink the brick, while loam soil required the least amount of water. This proved the hypothesis to be true.

Why do this project?

This science project is interesting because it shows how soil liquefaction can cause serious damage to buildings and property. It is important to understand the conditions under which different types of soil liquefy.

Also Consider

Experiment variations include filling a pail with several types of soil, compressing the soil and inverting the pail on the ground to create a mound of soil. Additionally, adding rocks or mixing different types of soil together can be done to compare the results.

Full project details

You can find additional information and details for this science fair project here. Have fun exploring!

Related videos

Hey there! Here are some awesome videos about this science project that we think you'll really like. They're not only super fun, but they'll also help you learn more about the science behind the project. So sit back, relax, and get ready to have some fun!!
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